To their credit, the Vietcong have proven a tough opponent to root out.
While vastly outgunned and poorly equipped compared to their enemies, the Vietcong have the environment of Vietnam on their side. With the Vietnamese jungle providing natural cover and their underground tunnels shielding them from ordnance though some have suggested bombing areas with tunnels in them until the tunnels literally collapsed , the Vietcong are a frustrating opponent for the ARVN to fight, capable of hiding in the darkness of the jungle and striking without warning from its confines.
A force that would be quickly crushed if they chose to engage in open combat has instead proven to be a serious problem for the ARVN. In their frustration and with losses piling up due to Vietcong ambushes, it may not be all that surprising that the ARVN have turned to the deployment of so-called "Agent Orange" to deny the Vietcong their advantage, by defoliating entire stretches of jungle and preventing the Vietcong from using the jungle to hide. Agent Orange itself is a composite of dioxin, a highly toxic and volatile defoliant mainly produced by massive American and Italian chemical companies.
Obviously, a good number of people are in an uproar about it all, especially environmentalists, who point out the ecological damage caused by Agent Orange's use, as well as its harmful effects on people, with some of the more outraged even going so far as to claim the Allies were "no better" than the Soviets, making comparisons between Agent Orange and Desolator Defoliant.
In face of the extreme controversy, the Allies have been seriously considering halting the use of Agent Orange entirely though the ARVN leadership have protested against this, citing its effectiveness in jungle clearing , and have also rejected proposals from some members of the ARVN to use Agent Orange to wipe out Vietnamese farmland and thus cut off the Vietcong's food supplies, since it would likely cause a public relations nightmare. Sign In Don't have an account?
Start a Wiki. Therefore, texts are not only an expression of a view of a culture: They also help create that culture's view.
This endless chain of events is easily illustrated by examining the historical impact of The Jungle. When Upton Sinclair visited the stockyards in Chicago, that industrial culture provided the raw materials for his text for The Jungle an example of culture creating text.
However, when The Jungle was printed, its content so affected the reading population that an immediate outcry against the meatpackers ensued text creating culture. Before the publication of The Jungle , the majority of the meat eating, reading public had no idea of the atrocities within the industry. Also, generations reading The Jungle years after its initial publication have no idea of the horrors that existed, and for the most part, only have Sinclair's text to illustrate these horrors.
The text continues to influence culture, regardless of its accuracy or immediacy. In addition to illustrating the dynamic relationship between culture and text, The Jungle also shows the relative unimportance of authorial intention when it comes to literary analysis.
Paradox Music welcomes a new and proven artist to the label with an impressive discography under his belt - Naibu. Dub vocal samples soaked in fx, eerie soundscapes and distorted subs add a deep rumble to the intricately-placed breaks and tension of Paralexia. Annnnnnd, here's the confession. Dust off the dust and get rid of the junk! It remains a profession that he pours into his works but not necessarily to mock urban gardening. Become your own Guru Reply.
Sinclair's primary focus of socialism did not take hold with readers of his own era, nor did it provide any lasting impression on future generations; yet the continued claim to fame for The Jungle is its exposure of abuse in the meatpacking industry. Instead of having just one integral meaning, texts can have multiple meanings. Cultural critics see The Jungle as a text that is both representative of time and place as well as simultaneously having an effect on future cultures.
Paradox is the pseudonym of Dev Pandya, a British producer. Contents. 1 Career ; 2 See also See also. Music portal · List of British people · List of jungle and drum and bass artists · List of record producers. When jungle mutated into drum & bass, Pandya stuck with his beloved records for his own labels, Paradox Music, Esoteric and Arctic Music.
They recognize that Sinclair's form did not adhere to traditional genres, so he effectively created his own medium. His text created a kind of power over the industry and was a means of change. Contemporary critics view literature as more than just an autonomous piece of writing isolated from the rest of the world.
This does not mean that contemporary critics routinely dismiss literary style and the use of irony, paradox, and metaphor. Rather, they examine how particular texts use or do not use particular devices and determine how this affects the reception of a text.
Some texts have universal appeal; others are limited to a particular sub-culture within a culture. But all are important. Unlike New Criticism, which tends to be an academic affair, cutting a work off from society, cultural criticism attempts to save and value literature by acknowledging its significance. Previous Jurgis' Journey through Hell to Socialism. Next Quiz.
Removing book from your Reading List will also remove any bookmarked pages associated with this title. Are you sure you want to remove bookConfirmation and any corresponding bookmarks? Sign In. The Jungle Upton Sinclair.