Cotton in a Polyester World

Cotton shortage prompts spinning mills to switch to man-made fiber
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The continual production of new clothes from virgin materials — such as oil, to make polyester, and cotton, which uses up vast amounts of land, water and pesticides — coupled with poor recycling methods are wreaking havoc on our environment and our economy. At Worn Again Technologies, we are not about loop holes.

What we do need is to be better at turning the old into the new. But all of this is about to change. It just makes sense. Our aim is for the outputs from our process to compete with virgin resource prices, while saving energy and bringing us closer to a waste-free, circular resource world. With no price premium to manufacturers, brands or the consumer. Together with our circle of collaborators and strategic partners we can move towards a circular model providing long term resource security and price stability for virgin-equivalent raw materials.

Worn Again Technologies is currently enlisting local, national and global investors and strategic partners who want to be part of the rapid expansion plan after our first industrial demonstration plant is launched in In , production had more than doubled to more than 46 billion pounds. The world man-made fiber industry shipped more polyester in than it had shipped in total product 12 years earlier.

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And this increase forever changed the world map of fiber production. In , the West and Europe accounted for 43 percent of total world polyester production.

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By , the balance had shifted dramatically. First, South Korea made a run at first place in the s, but lately it appears to have reduced its ambitions.

How Plastic Bottles Are Recycled Into Polyester

Taiwan maintains a posture similar to that of Korea. The big player obviously is China.

Man-Made Fibers Continue To Grow

Polyester production in China grew from a percent share of a 19 billion-pound market in to 37 percent of a 46 billion-pound market in This effectively will force the rest of the world to limit polyester production to rates similar to those of According to reports, the program is just reaching the commercial phase. It appears there will be a competition between India and China in polyester fiber manufacturing. Countries with smaller commitments to polyester will be squeezed as these two goliaths meet each other in the marketplace of commodity staple polyester.

This brush with commodity appears to be the underlying strategy behind India-based Reliance Industries Ltd. KG, Germany. In announcing this purchase, Reliance, a if not the player in the Indian textile and apparel complex, adds a world-recognized brand to its stable of polyester products. With a total world market approaching 65 billion pounds by , competition for market share will be intense, with oil prices pushing up the bottom and a world fiber market squeezing down the top.

Amul expects revenue to touch Rs 40,000 cr this fiscal, driven by volumes

Geography It should come as no surprise to TW readers that the production geography of man-made fibers has changed dramatically in the past two decades. Long the preserve of Europe and the United States, fibers now are produced worldwide, with recent emphasis on a few Asian economies, particularly China, Taiwan, South Korea and, most recently, India.

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In , Europe and the United States controlled 58 percent of man-made fiber production. By , that dominance had dwindled to 33 percent, and an even lower position of 23 percent is projected in In the late s, Japan reduced its production of man-made fibers. Korea grew through the s but recently has scaled back. Most growth comes from polyester expansions in India and China. In , China represented barely 8 percent of total man-made production; by it produced almost 30 percent, almost a tie with the combined total of the United States and Europe.

Simultaneously, India began a program aimed at achieving a dominant position in fibers, fabrics and garments. This is small compared to the position of China, but it starts with only small positions in acrylics and nylon, and a probable diminishing position in cellulosics; and it represents radical growth focused almost entirely on polyester. In , world polyester production totaled 19, million pounds; the four regions of Europe, the Western Hemisphere, China and India produced 59 percent of the total See Table 2.

Over time, polyester production in Europe and the West has slipped, while China and India have engaged in a pitched expansion battle. In , China manufactured 37 percent of all polyester fibers produced in the world and that is projected to rise to more than 55 percent by The world of polyester production begins to resemble a monopoly, led by China. Give India credit. It is proceeding with its expansion plans, almost doubling capacity and production in the next decade. Unfortunately, the China colossus is so large that, while India is achieving critical mass for its fabric and garment ambitions, it is hard-pressed to reach a percent share of world production.

It is likely, however, that India will earn a strong second place. Changing Fiber Landscape The speed with which Asia has dominated fiber production is astounding.

It is obvious that production asset investments of the recent decade are world-class in efficiency and quality — with the world consumer receiving the benefits. Either way, the new nexus of the man-made fiber business is Asia. LOG IN. Log into your account. Recover your password. Textile World. Textile World Fiber World. I n past articles, Textile World has regularly documented the shrinking man-made textile fiber industry in the industrialized world and the concomitant explosive rise of production in the developing economies of Asia.

So what exactly is polyester?

Polyester Chapter 1 The world cotton market Cotton prices Competition is at the heart of a market economy. Timber must compete with fabricated wood products . Advantages and disadvantages of cotton and polyester fabrics - particularly as the most widely used natural fabric for apparel manufacturing across the world.

The logic is brilliant in its simplicity: Asian economies built large export businesses and programs by vertically integrating fiber, fabric and garment manufacturing, thereby ensuring that the entire value added in the supply chain remains in the country of origin. Driven by apparent comparative advantage in wages and enticed by the siren call of reduced unemployment and acquisition of hard currencies to fuel further expansion into a full range of consumer goods, Asian countries crafted and implemented well-designed programs to capture global garment manufacturing.